Bihar National College Popularly Known As B.N. College Was Established In 1889 By Two Avid Educationalists and Nationalist’s Babu Bishewar Singh and Shaligram Singh of Kulharia Raj, Bhojpur and Bihar. During the colonial yoke after Indian national congress was formed in 1885, these two brothers felt the crying need to stoke up nationalist feelings amongst the students christened this college Bihar national college but the then the British government mounted must pressure upon them to delete the word and promised to give the title of raja and a very big jagir. But as these brothers were different from the other zamindars in the sense that while others considered the dissemination of education a grave threat to their existence these Singh brothers were committed to the ennobling and lofty causes of education, they did not succumb to the pressures at that time bishewar Singh was a student of final year (law) at Calcutta college o law. The governor general of Calcutta expelled him from the college. Not only this when bishewar Singh started practising law at Patna civil court after obtaining the PL certificate, he was not allowed to sit in the bar association .he had to counter umpteen trials and tribulations. The government declared them to be vidrohi and eventually shaligram Singh’s son Shashi shekar Singh the father of Justice K.B.N. Singh was shot dead in 1942. Therefore, this nation word is very meaningful with a long and glorious history which still informs the students with nationalist feelings and emotions. Jagpati Kumar who is among the seven martyrs was a student of this college.
Initially the college imparted education in English, Sanskrit, Persian, Hindi, Philosophy etc. up to honors level for the first time in Bihar this college initiated the teaching of law. Professor Atmaram who later on became the principal of Patna College was the first in –charge of faculty of law. These days this college imparts Hons. Level education in three faculties , the faculty of humanities , and the faculty of science and faculty of social science . The teaching at the post graduate level is being imparted in English. Five vocational courses functional English, biotechnologies , BCA, BBA and gemology are being run successfully and efficiently .many students have proved their merit at the global level .
In 1992, Calcutta University granted it the status of first level college. In 1923 this college was taken under government control with effort of then commissioner of Patna Accdale Earleo and was given the status of full deficit Grant College. In 1952, this college was converted into a constitute unit of the Patna university.
The college has basked in the glorious sunshine of history in all domain of life. It has been the crucible for churning out galaxy of singular scintillating intellectual gems that have done proud not only to Bihar , but to the entire globe with their charismatic intellectual exploits. The college has flourished stupendously under the dynamic and energetic principals like Mr.Akhay Kumar Majumdar, Dr. D.N.Sen, Moinul Haque, Dr. D.P.Vidyarthi, Dr.S.K.Bose,Dr.Amarnath Sinha, Dr.M.P.Sinha and others. The college is the role model to others educational institutions of the country. It has been successful in infusing robust faith in the hoi polloi of the state. At present , the college is making tremendous strides in the holistic development of students under the dynamic and charismatic and iconic personality of Dr.Raj Kishore Prasad.